Harvesting your own vegetables without having a real garden is quite possible! Suitable containers, a little sun and water, these are the basic ingredients to create a vegetable garden in the balcony . How to transform a balcony without soul, exposed to the eyes, in mini gourmet garden ?
What conditions for a kitchen garden on the balcony?
Many fruits and vegetables can be grown in pots without problems. Just select varieties that are compact and grow fast. From there, creating a kitchen garden on the balcony is not very complicated. Especially as vegetables and herbs grow much better in pots! Indeed, they benefit from a dedicated volume of land and they do not have to compete with other species or weeds.
To make a success of your vegetable garden on the balcony, make sure that the brightness is sufficient. To grow and mature, most vegetables need a minimum of 4 hours of sunshine a day. In the case of tomatoes or peppers, it is even 6 to 8 hours of sun are needed!
Other conditions, largely as important: the quality and quantity of potting soil . Vegetables in pots are greedy! Choose a good horticultural compost that you will renew each year and do not hesitate to enrich it with organic fertilizer . (For a productive vegetable garden , check out ” The Four Secrets of Shaped Plants “). Also plan for a sufficient volume of substrate according to the varieties. The fast growing species ( salads , radishes …) are content with a depth of 15 cm. Fruiting vegetables ( tomatoes , aubergines …) are more greedy and need a minimum depth of 40 cm.
Finally, regular watering of your kitchen garden on the balcony is essential. Vegetables are thirsty! To simplify your life, you can offer a drip irrigation system. Otherwise, watering the neck is perfectly effective even if it is more restrictive. But watering is also part of the pleasures of gardening!
What varieties for a kitchen garden on the balcony?
Adopt without hesitation the mini formats! They are perfectly suited for a vegetable garden on the balcony. Cherry tomatoes are classics that you peck up to frosts (without pruning the plants). Also think of dwarf tomatoes ( Sweet Neat Cherry ) or drooping tomatoes ( Tumbling Tom Red ). In the “Dwarf” category, Picolino Cucumber , Top Girl Red Pepper or Eight Ball Round Zucchini are also worth a try.
For salads , opt for lettuce head , batavia , romaine or lettuce to cut that succeed in jars. The fastest to grow is radish, but do not forget to lighten the plants a week after emergence to get fleshy roots!
Fruit side, strawberries are classics! The melon , although conglomerate is conceivable provided to place it in height (on a stepladder for example) so that the fruits rest on the ground. And why not install a vineyard ? She is not greedy, a pot and the sun allow her to prosper for many years. You can even run it along the railing or on a trellis. In addition, its dense foliage will protect you from the eyes!
The ideal time to create a garden on the balcony is of course spring, but you can start the experience now with salads and herbs easy to grow in pots and able to cross the winter ( parsley, thyme, bay-sauce … ). You will only have to expand your plantations next spring with vegetables !
Kitchen garden and balcony
You can also play with the containers to give style to your vegetable garden . Bins textile urban look or color pots to highlight the plantations, jars or wall devices to save space, the solutions are not lacking.
Do not forget some flowering plants to perfect the decor! And if you want to stay in the kitchen garden, choose very resistant lavender or edible flowers such as nasturtium or marigold . (Discover here flowering plants resistant to drought ).
Take advantage of the fall to prepare your kitchen garden on the balcony and enjoy it as soon as the warm weather returns! Out of curiosity, I invite you to discover the urban vegetable garden of a Parisian restaurant here , as what even in town, it is possible to grow a kitchen garden!