How to create a small ecological garden in town?
The ecological garden is in tune with the times. More and more people want to enjoy a garden that respects nature, even in the city. So, how to make its small urban garden a living and biologically balanced place? Thanks to a number of good practices that are easy to implement!
Good practices for a small ecological garden
An ecological garden is a garden cultivated with respect for the environment and the cycles of nature . Pesticides are banned while auxiliary insects are welcome. The goal with such a garden is to enjoy a healthy environment in everyday life. For this, some practices are preferred because they promote the creation of a real ecosystem on a small scale. Here are 8 of them:
1- The right plant in the right place
It’s about choosing climate-friendly plants and respecting their needs. Indeed, by offering them what they need in terms of soil, water, exposure and space, their development will be harmonious. In addition, they will not require special care and will be more resistant!
2- Recycled green waste
The purpose of recycling is to promote the decomposition of organic matter. These can be used to naturally fertilize the soil. This can be done of course thanks to traditional compost. But the use of dead leaves as mulching in the beds or incorporation on the surface of the clippings, are also effective methods for an ecological garden!
3- Diversified plantations
The planting of hedgerows mixing flowering shrubs and fruit shrubs attracts pollinating insects such as bumble bees, bees or wasps. The presence of several levels of plants, associating trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants, has the same beneficial effect. In addition, this plant diversity limits the spread of diseases and parasite attacks!
4- A green ground
Do not leave bare soil is the best way to avoid the formation of a crust on the surface of the earth. It is better to install ground cover plants and perennials under shrubs. This has the effect of limiting watering and protecting the soil from leaching by rain. In addition, the available water is kept longer!
5- Preserved water
Water is a particularly valuable asset in an ecological garden. Thus, rainwater can be salvaged to water. To avoid wasting it, watering at the end of the day or early in the morning is preferable. Similarly, it is better to limit the impermeable surfaces to the maximum and use filter materials for the aisles in particular. In addition, it is a good way to contribute to the regeneration of water tables
6- Protected wildlife
The presence of insects, birds, hedgehogs and other bats is excellent for the health of the garden. In fact, they feed on pests that threaten our plantations. To attract them, do not hesitate to install feeders and nest boxes or keep a small pile of wood in a corner of the garden! (Learn more about the best ways to attract birds to the garden )
7- Respected microorganisms
The microorganisms present in the earth contribute actively to the fertility of a small ecological garden. Also, it is inadvisable to return the land by inadvertent digging to preserve these microorganisms present in the superficial layers. To loosen the soil, it is better to use the technique of mulching!
8- The flowers of the integrated fields
The presence of wildflowers allows many beneficial insects to take up residence in the garden. In an urban garden, the establishment of a flower meadow is not always possible. It could nevertheless be substituted for a lawn surface for example. Otherwise, it is easy to combine city garden and wild flowers by sowing them in the heart of the massifs and the kitchen garden!
Have you thought about converting your city garden into a small ecological garden? It seems that this trend is attracting more and more urban gardeners . It is rather good news for our environment!